• <blockquote id="mkuuy"></blockquote>
  • <blockquote id="mkuuy"><label id="mkuuy"></label></blockquote>
    当前位置:
    首页 > 光学元件 > 偏振光学 > 偏振旋转器
    会员登录
    商品分类
    浏览历史
    偏振旋转器
    Switchable Polarization rotator
    商品货号:ECS002182
    商品品牌:Arcoptix
    PDF 文档: Download偏振旋转器details Document
    详细介绍

     

    偏振旋转器

    ARCoptix偏振旋转器是一种扭曲向列液晶类的偏振旋转器,它能有效调整光波的线性极化方向,当光线通过扭曲向列液晶的时候,它的极化方向会因液晶中的分子的性质而旋转,与传统的石英延迟片相比,扭曲向列液晶偏振控制器有更大的波长适用范围和更大的接收角,且价格更为合理。而且,通过控制对液晶施加电压的与否,能控制偏转器的"开关",因此90°旋转器也可以被用作光学快门。

    本产品有多种规格的液晶偏振旋转器,供不同需要的客户进行选择,我们既提供用于科研和工业的45°或90°的标准产品,也可以根据客户的需要定制其他特殊角度的产品.

    电源(可?。?/span>

    偏振控制器需要一个交变的方波电信号来控制极化方向的变化,用户可根据需要选择ARCoptix LC Driver,它是一款双独立输出的电源,usb端口连接电脑精确控制输出。

     

     

    Liquid Crystal twisted nematic polarization rotator (TN cell) is very useful when one wants to rotate the orientation of a linear polarization by a fix amount of typically 45° or 90°. When light is traversing LC twisted nematic cell its polarization follows the rotation of the molecules (see figure below). The screens of any laptop computer is based on the same effect (polarization rotator tutorial). In optical systems the polarization is often rotated by quartz retardation plates (l/2 or l/4 plates). Quartz plates shows high quality and good transmission performances especially in the UV region. However such plates present also some disadvantages: They are expensive, functions only for a narrow spectral bandwidth and have a small incidence angle acceptance (field of view less then 2°). The liquid crystal nematic cells have therefore a large acceptance angle, function over a very large spectral range from VIS to NIR (if they are thick enough) and are less expensive. Optionally, by applying a voltage on the TN cell, the polarization rotation can be “switched off”. Also when placing a 90° twisted cell between crossed polarizers it can be used as a shutter.

    l/2 plate for a very broadband  range of wavelengths   

    Optionally rotation effect can be electrically switched off    

    In combination with two crossed polarizers it can be used as an optical shutter

     

    Polarization Rotators Type

    Specificities

    Applications

     

    Industrial grade

    Spacer (few microns) over the aperture
    Large aperture (22mm)
    Thin substrates
    Phase distortions (spherical)
    Low beam deviation
    Polarization manag.
    Polarization vision
    No spacers over the aperture.
    Minimal wavefront distortion
    (λ/4) and AR coating

    Scientific grade

    Low phase distortions
     No beam deviation
    No spacers over the   aperture
    Aperture 10mm or 20mm
    Thick substrates
    Broadband AR coating

    InterferometryMetrologyUse in an imaging   plane

    colimated laser beam

    Cost effective, industrial
    quality, compact, some
    wavefront distortion and
    spacers distributed over the
    aperture

    Custom

    Larger apertures.
    High switching speeds.
    Large quantities/low price.
    Zero phase shift
    Custom adapted cells for industrial applications
    Specific scientific   applications
    Optimized for minimal
    switching time, specific angle
    of rotation, specific size,
    specific wavelength.

    A twisted nematic liquid crystal cell consists essentially of a liquid crystal layer placed between two treated glass substrates.
    The inner-surfaces of the cell is composed of two layers: The first layer is a transparent electrode (mostly ITO). It permits to apply an electrical field across the cell and switch the cell between the OFF and the ON state. The second layer is responsible for the homogenous alignment of the LC. It is generally a rubbed polyimide layer of about 100nm.
    The liquid crystal alignment at both sides of the cell is hence defined during cell manufacturing. By careful control, any twist-angle can therefore be induced in the helical structure across the liquid crystal layer. With a twist-angle of exactly 90°, the standard 90° twisted nematic (TN) cell is formed. Twist-angles of less than 90° form the low-twist (LT) cell whereas by definition, super-twist cells are cells that possess twist-angles exceeding 180°.
    The two glass substrates are separated by spacers with a well defined size (usually between 3mm and 20mm) and sealed with glue.

     

    When the polarization rotator is in the off state, the helical structure formed by the LC molecules rotates the entrance polarization as shown in figure 1. In the ON state the polarization rotary power is suspended and the polarization state of the light entering normally to the entrance surface is not altered by the TN cell.100% efficient rotation of a linear entrance polarization can only be obtained in the limit of large cell thickness and in general the exiting light becomes elliptically polarized with components oscillating in directions lying both parallel and perpendicular to the exit liquid crystal molecules. Furthermore, it is the optical-path-difference in the liquid crystal cell that affects the overall magnitude of the polarization efficiency for the TN cell. The optical-path-difference is given by the Dnd parameter, where Dn is the anisotropic index of refraction for the liquid crystal material and d is the cell-gap. The following equation shows the transmission of a TN 90° cell as function of a normalized retardation parameter u. It assumes that the TN cell is placed between two parallel orientated ideal polarizers.

       

    The best extinction (which means also the best rotation efficiency) is obtained with the highest optical path difference. So for optimal rotation of the entrance polarization over a broad spectral range it is better to use a TN cell with a high optical path difference (which means a large cell gap and a high anisotropy).
    However one must be aware that higher cell gaps decrease drastically the switching time of the TN cell. So rapid switching times and high efficiency over a brad spectral range cannot be obtained. Notice that the curves shows some minimum and a custom made TN cell can be optimized to have a good rotatory efficiency (low transmission) and a rapid switching time (minimal cell gap) for a narrow range of wavelength
    .
    In application where switching time does not matter it is better to choose a TN cell with a high optical path difference.

     

    SpecificationsThe table below summarizes the principal characteristics of the device:

    Rotation angle

    90° or 45° (custom any angle possible for scientific and industrial grade)

    wavelength range

    350-1700 nm

    Active area

    scientific grade:10 mm or 20 mm (diam.)
    Industrial grade:22 mm (square)

    Transmission

    About  85% (VIS)

    Retarder material

    Nematic Liquid-Crystal Dn=0.28

    Substrates

    Glass

    wavefront distortion

    scientific grade:
    < lamda/4 (over 10 mm)
    Industrial grade:
    < 2lamda (over 23 mm)

    temperature range

    15°-35°

    Rotation accuracy

     +/-1° (wavelength dependent)

    Maximum modulation frequency of the phase shift

     < 10Hz

    Save operating limit 500 W/cm2 CW
    300 mJ/cm2 10 ns, visible
    200 mJ/cm2 10 ns, 1064 nm

    Anti-reflection coating (scientific grade only)

    Broadband for VIS.

    Total size (with housing)

    Scientific grade: 25 mm diameter, 15mm long
    Industrial grade: 31mmx25mmx2.2mm (without housing).

     

     

     

    商品标记

    彩在线 <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <蜘蛛词>| <文本链> <文本链> <文本链> <文本链> <文本链> <文本链>